Common shoulder problems and prevention

Shoulder problems are common among athletes and bodybuilders. Therefore, this article is intended to help identify and prevent the most common shoulder pain.
Common shoulder problems are common among athletes. The shoulder is a complex part of the body. These injuries can easily deteriorate with movement, causing discomfort and negatively affecting daily life.
Common shoulder problems and prevention

Shoulder pain and injuries can make simple movements more difficult or uncomfortable. In addition, these injuries can be acute or chronic, depending on whether early diagnosis and the duration of pain or disability occur.

However, most shoulder-related problems are related to muscles, ligaments, and tendons rather than bones . An uncomfortable sensation may slowly develop through repeated and intense training routines. Therefore, it is useful to know the most common shoulder problems and what to do to prevent them.

The most common shoulder problems
The most common shoulder problems among athletes are:

1. tendonitis
The first issue to mention is tendonitis. The tendon is a band of solid fibrous tissue that connects the muscles to the bones. As a result, most tendonitis is inflammation of the tendon.

The tendons most commonly affected on the shoulder are one of the four tendons, the rotator cuff and the two forks .

2. bursitis
Synovial sac is a small sac containing fluid in all joints of the body, including the shoulders. It acts as a cushion between the bones and surrounding soft tissue and helps reduce muscle and bone friction.

The most common shoulder problems
Sometimes excessive movement of the shoulder can cause inflammation and swelling of the synovial sac between the rotator cuff and the shoulder blade. As a result, subarachnoid bursitis, a common problem with shoulder pain, occurs.

3. Shoulder instability
Shoulder instability is a problem that occurs when the top of the upper arm falls off the shoulder . It can be caused by sudden injuries or intense activity with the shoulders.

Shoulder dislocation is considered to be incomplete when the protruding part of the upper arm bone is partially removed from the indentation of the shoulder. This is called incomplete dislocation . Complete dislocation means that the protruding part has completely come out of the recess.

Dislocation occurs repeatedly when the ligaments, tendons, and muscles around the shoulders become loose or torn. Recurrent incomplete dislocation or complete dislocation causes pain and instability when lifting the arm. If incomplete and complete dislocation continues to occur, the risk of developing shoulder arthritis increases.

“What is more important than to fall is to stand up again.”

-Vince Lombardi-

4. Rotator cuff tear
Separation and rupture of tendons can occur due to degenerative changes in tendons or acute injuries due to age, long-term excessive use, wear or sudden injuries. This rupture can partially separate the tendon from the bone.

In most complete ruptures, the tendon separates from the bone. The most common shoulder problems are rotator cuff tears and biceps tears.

5. Five dogs
The fifty-one dog restricts joint movement. Causes the accumulation of abnormal tissue bands in the joints that affect the free movement of the shoulders.

Due to pain or surgery, the shoulder is'hardened' and the patient is unable to move this area frequently and adhesions can accumulate.

5. Five dogs
6. Arthritis
Arthritis occurs when the smooth surfaces of cartilage around the shoulder joint bones are severely worn.

The most common cause of arthritis is excessive joint use . Treatment for shoulder arthritis depends on the severity of the pain.

However, in this situation, experts recommend taking a break with anti-inflammatory drugs and cortisone injections. In some cases, artificial joint surgery may be necessary.

How to prevent shoulder problems
The first step in preventing shoulder injuries is to wear appropriate equipment when performing vigorous activities . For example, there is a guard worn on the shoulder. Use proper protection whenever you exercise .

Another precaution is to practice proper tackling and blocking techniques. To make your shoulders more flexible and less susceptible to injury, you should follow a strengthening and conditioning program that helps strengthen your shoulders.

But don't forget to listen to yourself. If your shoulder hurts after an activity, don't ignore it. If the pain is severe and does not subside, visit a hospital.

Finally, it is recommended that you prepare properly for every exercise. In other words, you should do warm-up exercises before your workout and then finish up. So start training slowly and gradually increase your intensity.

Most shoulder-related problems are caused by vigorous sports, hard workouts, or lifting heavy objects. Therefore, special attention should be paid to these activities.